Black History Timeline Building

Pick the earliest event, the one that should be first on a chronological timeline.
Importing slaves into the United States banned, a decision which had been deferred for 20 years when the Constitution was written in 1787
1780—Pennsylvania abolishes slavery, with the other states north of the Mason Dixon Line doing the same by the turn of the century
1808—Importing slaves into the United States banned, a decision which had been deferred for 20 years when the Constitution was written in 1787

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Pennsylvania abolishes slavery, with the other states north of the Mason Dixon Line doing the same by the turn of the century=1780 Constitutional Convention agrees that no Constitutional amendment concerning slavery will be allowed for 20 years=1787 Importing slaves into the United States banned, a decision which had been deferred for 20 years when the Constitution was written in 1787=1808 Missouri Compromise attempts to balance the number of free states and slave states=1820 Former escaped slave Frederick Douglass' best-selling autobiography draws attention to and inspires the anti-slavery movement=1845 Fugitive Slave Act outlaws aid to runaway slaves and requires their arrest and return even in free states=1850 Dred Scott Decision, Supreme Court denies citizenship to any slave or ex-slave=1857 Eleven slave states secede from the Union, forming the Confederate States of America and leading to the Civil War=1861 Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln frees slaves in the rebelling states of the Confederacy=1863 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishes slavery, extending the Emancipation Proclamation which applied only to the Confederacy=1865 14th Amendment to the Constitution nullifies the Dred Scott Decision, recognizing the citizenship and rights of ex-slaves=1868 15th Amendment to the Constitution prohibits the denial of voting rights based on race or previous slavery=1870 Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee Institute founding president, supports accepting discrimination in exchange for education and legal protection=1895 Plessy vs. Ferguson, Supreme Court upholds "separate but equal" racial segregation=1896 Booker T. Washington, influential founder of Tuskegee Institute, becomes first African American invited to the White House=1901 W. E. B. DuBois and the Niagara Movement oppose Booker T. Washington's Atlanta Compromise, calling for equal civil rights=1905 NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded by W. E. B. DuBois and others to fight racial discrimination=1909 Jesse Owens wins 4 Gold Medals at the Berlin Olympics, dramatically refuting Hitler's idea of Aryan superiority=1936 Jackie Robinson breaks major league baseball's color barrier when he joins the Brooklyn Dodgers=1947 President Truman's executive order ends official segregation in the U. S. military=1948 In Brown vs. Board of Education, brought by the NAACP, Supreme Court rules "separate but equal" school segregation violates the 14th Amendment=1954 Rosa Parks sparks Birmingham Bus Boycott by refusing to obey the segregated transit rules=1955 Arkansas Governor prevents black students from entering segregated schools. After federal action, schools closed to avoid integration=1957 The Greensboro 4 begin a series of non-violent sit-ins at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter, later leading to an effective boycott=1960 James Farmer and CORE lead the first Freedom Ride challenging segregation on interstate bus systems=1961 Martin Luther King delivers his "I have a dream" speech at the March on Washington civil rights rally=1963 Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, banning racial discrimination in education, employment and public facilities=1964 The Voting Rights Act reinforces the 15th Amendment's protection of voting rights, which had been eroded by taxes and other barriers=1965 Thurgood Marshall, former NAACP counsel and U. S. Solicitor General, becomes first African American Supreme Court Justice=1967 Congress passes the Fair Housing Act, prohibiting discrimination in housing based on race, religion or national origin=1968 Shirley Chisolm, the first African American Congresswoman in 1968, becomes the first African American to run for a major party presidential nomination=1972 Andrew Young is appointed Ambassador to the United Nations, the first African-American to serve in the position=1977 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is first celebrated as a national holiday=1986 Colin Powell becomes first African American Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff=1989 Carol Moseley Braun becomes the first African American woman U. S. Senator, serving her term as the only African American in the Senate=1992 Colin Powell becomes first African American Secretary of State=2001 Barack Obama becomes the first African American President of the United States=2008 The Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. is opened to the public=2011