Timelines: Exploration and Colonization

Pick the earliest event, the one that should be first on a chronological timeline.
John Winthrop leads the first of the Great Migration of English Puritans to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, escaping repression and creating their own religious society
1780—Pennsylvania abolishes slavery, with the other states north of the Mason Dixon Line doing the same by the turn of the century
1808—Importing slaves into the United States banned, a decision which had been deferred for 20 years when the Constitution was written in 1787

©Courseware Solutions GotKidsGames.com

Ponce de Leon sets out on a voyage of exploration from Puerto Rico and claims La Florida for Spain=1513 Sailing from Cuba, Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes lands on the Yucatan Peninsula, claims Mexico for Spain and founds Veracruz=1519 Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztec empire, destroying the capital of Tenochtitlan and rebuilding it as Mexico City=1521 Sailing from Cuba, Spanish Conquistador Hernando de Soto lands in Tampa Bay and explores southeast North America, crossing the Mississippi in 1541=1539 French establish a Huguenot settlement in Jacksonville, Florida, which is destroyed a year later by Spanish forces from St. Augustine=1564 St. Augustine, Florida, the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in America, founded by Spanish explorer Pedro Menendez de Aviles=1565 Francis Drake lands on the California coast during his circumnavigation of the globe to attack the Spanish and claims New Albion (North America) for the British=1579 Jamestown, the first successful English settlement in North America, founded by the Virginia Company, which was granted a monopoly by James I to settle and profit from a colony in Virginia=1607 Henry Hudson, hired by the Dutch East India Company to find a passage east to Asia, sails west and and explores the Hudson River as far as Albany, claiming the area for the Dutch =1609 The Pilgrims, who fled from England to Holland to escape religious persecution, sail on the Mayflower to Massachusetts and begin the second successful English settlement, the Plymouth Colony=1620 Ferdinand Gorges and James Mason secure a land grant for areas of New Hampshire and Maine=1622 New Amsterdam founded at the south end of Manhattan by the Dutch West Indies Company, which had been granted a trade monopoly by the Netherlands for the North America=1626 Ferdinand Gorges and James Mason divide their land grant, with Mason receiving New Hampshire and Gorges Maine=1629 John Winthrop leads the first of the Great Migration of English Puritans to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, escaping repression and creating their own religious society=1630 Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, establishes Maryland as a result of a royal charter secured by his father to provide a refuge for English Catholics=1632 Roger Williams, banished from Massachusetts for heresy, buys land from the Massasoit to found Rhode Island on the principles of religious liberty and separation of church and state=1636 New Sweden founded on Delaware Bay by the Swedish West Indies Company, which had been granted a monopoly by Sweden for North American trade=1638 New Hampshire agrees to be governed by Massachusetts, reserving some self rule including not requiring Puritan church membership=1641 New Sweden captured by the Dutch and becomes part of the New Netherland colony=1655 Charles II grants the colony of Carolina to a group of English nobles who supported his restoration to the throne to prevent the expansion of Spanish Florida=1663 English forces capture New Amsterdam, which is granted to James, Duke of York, Charles II's brother, and renamed New York=1664 French Jesuit Jacques Marquette founds a Catholic mission in Sault Ste. Marie, the first permanent European settlement in Michigan=1668 French Jesuit Jacques Marquette and French Canadian explorer Louis Jolliet search for the Mississippi River which they explore and map from Wisconsin to Arkansas=1673 The British regain New York from the Dutch in the treaty ending the war during which the Dutch had recaptured it=1674 The English colony of West New Jersey, assigned to Lord Berkeley by James, Duke of York, is purchased by Quakers John Fenwick and Edward Byllinge, and Fenwick settles Salem=1675 William Penn mediates a dispute between fellow Quakers John Fenwick and Edward Byllinge, then joins them to secure West New Jersey as a haven for those seeking freedom of religion=1675 William Penn obtains a grant from Charles II and founds Pennsylvania, promising religious and political freedom based on his Quaker principles=1681 French explorer Rene-Robert de la Salle claims the Mississippi basin for France while exploring and building forts along the river system from Illinois to Louisiana=1682 Dominion of New England is created by James II to exert more control over the colonies but dissolves in 1688 when James is deposed by William and Mary during the Glorious Revolution=1686 The Delaware Colony, which had been added to William Penn's grant, is allowed its own governing assembly, separate from Pennsylvania's=1701 Queen Anne combines the proprietary colonies of East and West New Jersey to form a single royal colony=1702 The first governor of the royal colony, formed in 1702 from East and West New Jersey, is recalled and New Jersey falls under the governance of New York=1708 Spain establishes missions in East Texas to counter French settlements in present day Mobile, Alabama and Biloxi, Mississippi=1716 To support remote East Texas missions, Martin de Alarcon, governor of Spanish Texas, establishes a San Antonio settlement, including the mission later known as the Alamo=1718 James Oglethorpe founds Georgia, the last of the original 13 English colonies, as a refuge for those who had been imprisoned for debt=1732 George II grants New Jersey's petition for a government separate from New York=1738 Governor Oglethorpe of George attempts to capture St. Augustine in Spanish Florida as part of a British-Spanish conflict, but fails=1740 The Ohio Company of Virginia secures a grant from George II for trade and settlement in Ohio to counter French claims there=1749 The Treaty of Paris ends the 7 Years War (French and Indian War in North America) with Britain gaining New France east of the Mississippi and Spanish Florida=1763